Making a move many market observers had labeled as unlikely, Dollar General has bid $9.7 billion to break up the planned marriage of rivals Dollar Tree and Family Dollar.
The all-cash offer trumps Dollar Tree's bid for North Carolina-based Family Dollar, which was announced late last month, by about $500 million. As part of the offer, Dollar General Chairman and CEO Rick Dreiling says he will postpone his planned retirement by a year until May 2016 to lead the combined company. Merging Family Dollar into Dollar General would create a company with nearly 20,000 stores in 46 states and sales of more than $28 billion, but the organization is prepared to divest up to 700 stores to satisfy antitrust regulations.
Dreiling and his team say they expect to be able to over time generate savings of $550 million to $600 million annually. Dollar Tree's leadership team has estimated that it could cut $300 million on costs from the combined company.
"For Family Dollar shareholders, our proposal is financially superior to the current transaction agreement with Dollar Tree and would provide Family Dollar shareholders with a substantial premium and immediate liquidity for their shares," Dreiling said. "For Dollar General shareholders, the proposed combination of Dollar General and Family Dollar would be a significant strategic opportunity to create immediate and lasting shareholder value. For both Dollar General and Family Dollar customers, we would be able to provide better value and greater selection."
Dollar General's board has pledged $78.50 per Family Dollar shares versus Dollar Tree's $74.50 offer. The Goodlettsville-based company has received financing commitments from Goldman Sachs and Citigroup for its bid, which comes after Dreiling turned down repeated chances to throw his hat in the ring for Family Dollar last year and this spring. Early this month, Bloomberg reported that there was a 50 percent chance Dollar General would join the fray after all.
Shares of Dollar General (Ticker: DG) are up more than 9 percent to $62.70 in pre-market action. Anticipating a Dollar Tree rebuttal, investors have pushed Family Dollar shares (Ticker: FDO) up almost 5 percent to $79.65, while Dollar Tree stock (Ticker: DLTR) was down about 1.5 percent early this morning.
Here's the letter Dreiling sent to Family Dollar's Chairman Howard Levine:
As you know, we at Dollar General admire your company and its attractive footprint and business prospects. We have respect for Family Dollar, its employees and its leadership, and both Dollar General and Family Dollar share a commitment to serving customers in the communities in which we operate. As such, we were surprised and disappointed to find out you had entered into a merger agreement with Dollar Tree.
The Board of Directors of Dollar General is pleased to submit a proposal to you and the Board of Directors of Family Dollar that offers Family Dollar shareholders $78.50 per share in cash for all outstanding shares, providing them with superior value and immediate and certain liquidity for their shares. Not only is our offer superior in price, it is 100% cash, as compared to the mix of cash and stock being offered by Dollar Tree.
Our proposal provides Family Dollar’s shareholders with approximately $466 million of additional aggregate value over Dollar Tree’s offer and represents a premium of 29.4% over the closing price of $60.66 for Family Dollar stock on the day prior to the Dollar Tree announcement.
Our proposal is not subject to any financing condition. Goldman Sachs and Citigroup Global Markets Inc. have agreed to provide committed financing for all of the financing necessary to consummate the transaction.
We have conducted a thorough review and analysis of the antitrust issues that may be raised by our proposed transaction, including engaging experienced antitrust counsel and a team from Compass Lexecon as our economist to assist us with our analysis. As a result of our review and analysis, coupled with the numerous econometric studies Compass Lexecon has performed utilizing extensive information and data supplied by Dollar General, we are prepared to commit to divest up to 700 retail stores in order to achieve the requisite antitrust approvals, which is approximately the same percentage of the total combined stores represented by the 500 store divestiture commitment in the Dollar Tree merger agreement. We are confident that, with this commitment, we will be able to quickly and efficiently resolve any potential antitrust issues and that our transaction is capable of being completed. We look forward to having the opportunity to share with your counsel the conclusions of our extensive antitrust work once you have taken the appropriate steps under your existing merger agreement with Dollar Tree to enable us to begin discussions.
The Board of Directors of Dollar General has unanimously approved this proposal and has authorized us to proceed expeditiously. We are prepared, promptly following the termination of your merger agreement with Dollar Tree, to enter into a merger agreement that would provide greater value to your shareholders and would otherwise be substantially similar to the one that you entered into with Dollar Tree, modified as necessary to accommodate our all-cash proposal, as described above with respect to antitrust matters and to provide a time period to close the proposed transaction consistent with that set forth in the existing agreement. In addition, we are prepared to revise the agreement to permit Family Dollar to continue to pay its regular quarterly cash dividend through closing on terms consistent with past practice. Dollar General would also agree to fund the $305 million break-up fee should you become obligated to pay that fee to Dollar Tree upon termination of the existing agreement in order to enter into an agreement with Dollar General.
In addition, I have committed to our Board of Directors to remain as Chief Executive Officer of Dollar General through May 2016 if this combination occurs in order to oversee the successful integration of our two companies. Beyond that date, if asked by the Board and elected by shareholders, I have agreed to continue to serve as a Board member and as Chairman.
We have engaged Goldman, Sachs & Co. as our financial advisor and Simpson Thacher & Bartlett LLP as our legal advisor in connection with this transaction. Our proposal is subject to completion of a confirmatory due diligence review of your company, and we and our advisors are available to commence our due diligence review immediately.
Please note that this letter is not meant to, and does not, create or constitute any legally-binding obligation, liability or commitment by us concerning a proposed transaction, and, other than any confidentiality agreement we may enter into with you, there will be no legally-binding agreement between us regarding the proposed transaction unless and until we enter into a definitive merger agreement with you.
We are confident that after you have considered our offer, you will agree that our proposal constitutes a “Company Superior Proposal” under the terms of the Dollar Tree merger agreement and that our proposal presents a compelling opportunity for your shareholders. This matter has my highest priority and I look forward to hearing from you.
Chairman and Chief Executive Officer
POSTDATA: WARRANTY DEEDS