On this day;
1704 – The first regular newspaper in the United States, the News-Letter, is published in Boston, Massachusetts.
1800 – The United States Library of Congress is established when President John Adams signs legislation to appropriate $5,000 USD to purchase "such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress".
1862 – American Civil War: A flotilla commanded by Union Admiral David Farragut passes two Confederate forts on the Mississippi River on its way to capture New Orleans, Louisiana.
1926 – The Treaty of Berlin is signed. Germany and the Soviet Union each pledge neutrality in the event of an attack on the other by a third party for the next five years.
1953 – Winston Churchill is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II.
2005 – Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger is inaugurated as the 265th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church taking the name Pope Benedict XVI.
Born on this day
1533 – William I of Orange (d. 1584)
1856 – Henri Philippe Pétain, French soldier and statesman (d. 1951)
1904 – Willem de Kooning, Dutch painter (d. 1997)
1905 – Robert Penn Warren, American poet (d. 1989)
1941 – Richard Holbrooke, American diplomat (d. 2010)
1942 – Richard M. Daley, American politician
Died on this day
1731 – Daniel Defoe, English writer (b. 1660)
1986 – Wallis Simpson (Wallis, Duchess of Windsor), wife of Edward, Duke of Windsor (b. 1896)
1997 – Pat Paulsen, American comedian and politician (b. 1927)